Universita’ di Balogna

 

Italy | Balogna

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About

The University’s Museum Network – Sistema Museale di Ateneo – includes many collections dating back to the 18th Century closely related to the Istituto delle Scienze: even if the “Camera della Notomia” (Anatomy Room) was there established in 1747 providing teaching material to physicians and anatomists, the institute’s anatomical room was projected by Ercole Lelli (1702-1766) in 1742. Ercole Lelli, “figure director” at the Accademia Clementina di Belle Arti started the anatomical ceroplastic school in Bologna. Starting in 1776, Anna Morandi (1714-1774) and her husband Giovanni Manzolini (1700-1755), wax modelers, made important contributions to the Anatomy Room of the Institute. Their production illustrates the enormous scientific progress that had been achieved in wax modelling and anatomical portrayal that led the study and reproduction of sensory organs and other physiological systems. Anna Morandi depicted herself in a self-portrait, while intently examining a cerebral structure. The work of Luigi Galvani (1737-1798)at the institute, and the experiments he conducted, led him to surmise that the power that caused the contraction of fibers, stimulated through electric fluid, lay in nerves rather than muscles. In 1791 he published the “De viribus” where he proved that animals – and thus humans – have a unique electrical property: the brain is the most important organ secreting “electric fluid”; the nerves are the organs that have the greatest affinity with this unique electricity. Thereafter, Luigi Calori (1807-1896) began his career as Professor of Human Anatomy becoming President of the Academy of Sciences. Thanks to the ceroplastic artist Cesare Bettini (1801-1805), he realized some of the most important models concerning the brain structure as the wax models collection of encephalon and the eye compounds. All the materials connected with this period of intense anatomical studies are still preserved in the Museums and Collections of the Sistema Museale di Ateneo.

Relevant People:

Ercole Lelli | Luigi Galvani

Musee Dupuytren

 

France | Paris

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This museum has displays of anatomical malformations, consisting of a large collection of specimens and wax models from the 17th century. The museum also has brains studied by the great Paul Pierre Broca. It was named after anatomist and surgical professor Guillaume Dupuytren. In 2016, the Dupuytren museum collections were transferred to the Jussieu campus, joining eight of UPMC’s scientific collections. The collections are installed in reserves and are not accessible to the public. They are open to research projects and notwithstanding students by appointment.

Relevant People:

Paul Pierre Broca

Musee d’Anatomie Delmas-Orfila-Rouviere

 

France | Paris

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About

France’s largest collection of anatomical models and specimens began as small collection cultivated by Honore Fragonard (a professor of anatomy at the University of Paris). The collection was enhanced by Mathieu Orfila ( the dean of Medicine at U. of Paris), after he visited London’s Huntarian. In true french patriotism he sought to out shine the British. The museum contains specimens of humans and animals, including embryological reconstructions and pieces of neuro-anatomy.

Relevant People:

Honore Fragonard

Musée d’Anatomie de Montpellier

 

France | Montpellier

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About

The oldest and the largest anatomy museum in France, the museum is situated inside the world famous and historic University of Montpellier. Structured with wide Doric columns, the museum‘s collections were listed as historic monuments in 2004. The museum’s educational dimension cannot be missed amidst the eeriness which envelops it. The main features of the museum are: -Deformed foetuses preserved in jars -Human and animal skeletons -An “ethnological” collection of skulls.

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NIMHANS Brain Museum

 

India | Bengaluru

Saturday 10:30am–12:30pm, 2:30–4:30 pm & Wednesday 2:30–4:30 pm

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Human Brain Bank

About

Medical science museum with human brain samples, live neuroanatomy demonstrations & guided tours.
The Neuropathology Brain Museum (Human Brain Museum), only one of its kind in India is located in the ground floor, (Room 002) of Neurobiology Research Centre. This unique facility has become a centre of attraction for the students of various colleges and schools as a valuable source of Neuroscience material. In addition, this has become a tourist attraction for people to visit and see human brain in reality.

Relevant People:

Dr. S.K. Shankar

Croatian Institute for Brain Research

 

Croatia | Zagreb

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About

The Croatian Institute for Brain research is an affiliate of the University of Zagreb Medical School, and an independent research facility and archive. Its founder Dr. Ivica Kostovic established Zagreb’s neuroembryological collection; a significant collection of preserved human brains at various stages of development. It is one of the largest collections of human brains in the world consisting of 1,300 developing and adult brains. It has served as a valuable resource for many research projects, more than 30 PhD theses and upwards of 200 publications. The Institute even has a dormitory for researchers wishing to visit and utilize the collection. However, the institute is currently creating an online catalogue of the collection that will be readily available to those who cannot travel all the way to Croatia.

Relevant People:

Professor Ivica Kostovic

Josephinum Collections of the Medical University of Vienna

 

Austria | Vienna

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About

The famous collection of wax anatomical and obstetric models is the result of a personal initiative of Joseph II. Inspired by the wax models in “La Specola” in Florence, commissioned by his brother (the Grand Duke of Tuscany and later Emperor Leopold II), Joseph II ordered 1,192 models for the newly-founded academy in Vienna. These were produced in Florence between 1784 and 1788 under the supervision of director Felice Fontana and anatomist Paolo Mascagni and eventually arrived in Vienna after a wearisome journey over the Alps. They were intended to serve on the one hand as visual aids for teaching, but on the other they were, even then, intended for the general public. The majority of the models survived to this day and they are exhibited in six rooms in their original rosewood and Venetian glass display cases.

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The Museum of Anatomy in Innsbruck

 

Austria | Innsbruck

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About

The university of Innsbruck, founded by the emperor Leopold I, started its first lectures in 1672. The first anatomical professorship was given to Prof. Theodor Friedrich von STADTLENDER on April 22th 1689. The most important instrument for instructions in anatomy was then, as it is today, the human body. The „Letztwillige Verfügung“, i.e. the disposition of one’s body by will, did not exist in the 17th century. Therefore it was quite a problem to procure corpses and opportunities for dissection, the more so since the dissecting of people was thought to be a sin by many people. One possibility to get suitable corpses for dissection, however, there was: the anatomy professor could try to acquire from the hangman the dead bodies of persons who had been sentenced to death (death penalty being the customary punishment then for many crimes).

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