Ruprecht-Karls-University: Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology

 

Germany | Heidelberg

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The Institute posesses historical photographs of histological brain slices and also wet specimens made by Friedrich Arnold (1803-1890), who was chair of the Heidelberg Institut from 1852 to 1873. He first described the otic ganglion. In addition, there is a phrenology skull made of plaster which shows on one side the theory of Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828), on the other side the idea which Johann Gaspar Spurzheimer (1776-1832) developed.

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Friedrich Arnold

Museum of History of Medicine of Armenia

 

Armenia | Yerevan

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Being founded in 1978, the University Museum of History of Medicine of Armenia (MHMA) was formed partially through the collection of academician Levon Hovhannisyan and private collection of famous medical historian Vladimir Martirosyan, who was the founder and long-term director of the museum. Collections, including over 8000 objects, range from portraits, providing a pictorial and sculptural record of meritorious scientists and distinguished professors, their manuscripts and memoirs, to the exquisitely displayed medical instruments, and appliances used in traditional medicine best illustrating different stages of progress of medicine in Armenia throughout the history.

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Musée de la Médecine de Bruxelles

 

Belgium | Bruxelles

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The Musée de la Médecine in Brussels was opened in 1995. Its collection consists of over 5,000 items that include books on anatomy, surgical instruments, engravings and paintings. Archeological discoveries and art illustrations demonstrate the evolution of Western healing from ancient times to present. The museum’s wax collections are educational. The museum displays the history of medicine starting religious believes and magics to scientific rational.

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The National Museum of Medicine of Ukraine

 

Ukraine | Kyiv

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The National Museum of Medicine of Ukraine is one of the largest in Europe, covering medical history from ancient times to present day. The museum has: a collection of medical artifacts, and anatomical specimens, an archive of scientific publications and documents, portraits of prominent scientists and physicians, and even dioramas depicting important events in Ukranina medicine. For neuroscience, the museum preserves the work of Vladimir Betz, who discovered motor areas of the brain and has a type of neuron (a giant pyramidal cell) named after him.

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Vladimir Betz

Maryan Panchyshyn Museum of Galician Medicine History

 

Ukraine | Lviv

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This Museum is an affiliate of the university that serves as both a museum and a resource for students. Its exhibits include: Lviv Medical University: Past and Present, Ukrainian history (secret) University in Lviv, Doctors Galicia participants liberation struggle, History of the Ukrainian Medical Association of Lviv, History Hospital “National Hospital” in Lviv, Exhibition of medical instruments, medicines.

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Medicine History Museum of the First Sechenov Moscow State Medical University

 

Russia | Moscow

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The museum is a subdivision of Moscow State University and is a part of educational process. It’s goals include scientific research, collection and preservation of historical past of the oldest medical institution in Russia. The main museum collection consists of unique documents and relics from the University, family archives of doctors and professors, books, furniture, photographs of famous doctors and scientists, rare medical textbooks form West Europe and Russia, as well as anatomic atlases and dissertations. The Museum has a collection of medical instruments form 18th-20th centuries and equipment allowing to reconstruct the development and evolution of medicine in Russia.

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Berliner Medizinhistorisches Museum der Charite (Berlin Museum of Medical History at the Charité)

 

Germany | Berlin

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Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin was founded in 1710, it is the oldest hospital and medical school in the city. Museum was opened in 1899, first as a pathology museum, is nowadays about the general history of medicine with more than 750 wet and dry specimens of various organs, including brains. Permeant exhibit “On the Trace of Life” exhibit covers the history of medicine for the last 300 years. A great collection of specimens and artifacts in their stocks can be seen with special arrangements. Pathological Specimens Including Rudolf Virchow’s (the founder of the museum) special collection and various additions through the years the specimen collection today has about 10.000 pathological-anatomical dry and wet specimens. Albrecht von Graefe Collection of Ophthalmological History Contains about 1100 objects including letters, college records, lecture manuscripts, instruments, graphics, photographs, and medals from the German Ophthalmological Society, permanently loaned to the museum. Manuscript and Rara Collection This is the institutes own collection including their dissection protocols, laboratory books, specimen lists, photographs, slides, reprints, images, congratulation notes, paper cuts, letters, ex libris, notes, and lists of expenses. There are also some rare prints from the fields of anatomy and pathology. Collection of Medical and Dental History Mostly teaching devices, thematic tables with extracted teeth, tables of illustrations, specimens, models, wax moulages, prostheses, as well as objects from other fields of the history of medicine like diagnostic and therapeutic instruments with a focus on urology, microscopes, operation chairs and disinfection devices.

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