The National Museum of Medicine of Ukraine

 

Ukraine | Kyiv

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The National Museum of Medicine of Ukraine is one of the largest in Europe, covering medical history from ancient times to present day. The museum has: a collection of medical artifacts, and anatomical specimens, an archive of scientific publications and documents, portraits of prominent scientists and physicians, and even dioramas depicting important events in Ukranina medicine. For neuroscience, the museum preserves the work of Vladimir Betz, who discovered motor areas of the brain and has a type of neuron (a giant pyramidal cell) named after him.

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Vladimir Betz

Maryan Panchyshyn Museum of Galician Medicine History

 

Ukraine | Lviv

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This Museum is an affiliate of the university that serves as both a museum and a resource for students. Its exhibits include: Lviv Medical University: Past and Present, Ukrainian history (secret) University in Lviv, Doctors Galicia participants liberation struggle, History of the Ukrainian Medical Association of Lviv, History Hospital “National Hospital” in Lviv, Exhibition of medical instruments, medicines.

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Museum of Brain Evolution (Neurological Scientific Centre, Moscow)

 

Russia | Moscow

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The Museum of Brain Evolution is the only exhibit in Russia and CIS dedicated to the evolution of the brain. It was opened in 1928 as a part of Neurological Scientific Centre in Moscow. Its collections include phylogeny of the nervous system, ontogeny of the human brain and brain anatomy. The Phylogeny of the nervous system collection features over 300 items (from coelenterates to primates). The exhibits of the museum serve as an initial introduction to the structure, development, functions and mechanism of animal and human nervous systems. It also provides an in-depth study of the general and specific issues of neurophysiology. The Museum of Brain Evolution offers a course of lectures on neurophysiology and related topics.

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Musée d’Anatomie de Montpellier

 

France | Montpellier

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The oldest and the largest anatomy museum in France, the museum is situated inside the world famous and historic University of Montpellier. Structured with wide Doric columns, the museum‘s collections were listed as historic monuments in 2004. The museum’s educational dimension cannot be missed amidst the eeriness which envelops it. The main features of the museum are: -Deformed foetuses preserved in jars -Human and animal skeletons -An “ethnological” collection of skulls.

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Kings College, London: The Gordon Museum of Pathology

 

England | London

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Gordon museum is the largest medical museum in the United Kingdom located in Kings College, London. Their collection includes many historically important artifacts including the Joseph Towne anatomical and dermatological wax models, the Lam Qua pre-operative tumour paintings and the specimen and artefact collections of Hodgkin, Thomas Addison, Bright and Astley Cooper.

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University College London: Grant Museum of Zoology

 

England | London

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Founded in 1828, the Grant Museum houses over 67,000 specimens, covering the entire Animal Kingdom. Their collections include some rare and even extinct animal skeletons such as the Tasmanian Tiger or Thylacine, the Quagga, and the Dodo. The Brain Collection Most of the specimens were originally brought from the Gordon museum. Each brain is preserved in alcohol and suspended in glass jars. The collection is made up entirely of mammals, except for a single turtle, allowing the visitors a comparative tour of mammalian brains. The brains were collected from Africa, Asia, South America and Australia and Europe. Most of the brains are whole, a few have been dissected to show the internal anatomy. Of particular interest are the tiger cub that was only a few hours old, and the domestic dog. The dog’s brain has been annotated and each section of the brain sports a tiny label that has been stapled to it.

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Berliner Medizinhistorisches Museum der Charite (Berlin Museum of Medical History at the Charité)

 

Germany | Berlin

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Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin was founded in 1710, it is the oldest hospital and medical school in the city. Museum was opened in 1899, first as a pathology museum, is nowadays about the general history of medicine with more than 750 wet and dry specimens of various organs, including brains. Permeant exhibit “On the Trace of Life” exhibit covers the history of medicine for the last 300 years. A great collection of specimens and artifacts in their stocks can be seen with special arrangements. Pathological Specimens Including Rudolf Virchow’s (the founder of the museum) special collection and various additions through the years the specimen collection today has about 10.000 pathological-anatomical dry and wet specimens. Albrecht von Graefe Collection of Ophthalmological History Contains about 1100 objects including letters, college records, lecture manuscripts, instruments, graphics, photographs, and medals from the German Ophthalmological Society, permanently loaned to the museum. Manuscript and Rara Collection This is the institutes own collection including their dissection protocols, laboratory books, specimen lists, photographs, slides, reprints, images, congratulation notes, paper cuts, letters, ex libris, notes, and lists of expenses. There are also some rare prints from the fields of anatomy and pathology. Collection of Medical and Dental History Mostly teaching devices, thematic tables with extracted teeth, tables of illustrations, specimens, models, wax moulages, prostheses, as well as objects from other fields of the history of medicine like diagnostic and therapeutic instruments with a focus on urology, microscopes, operation chairs and disinfection devices.

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Heidelberg University Collections

 

Germany | Heidelberg

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University was founded in 1386, which makes it the oldest in Germany and 5th oldest in Europe. Individual departments have permeant exhibitions. Medical collections in Germany. Collection of the Institute of Pathology It was established in 1866. Body preparations of various systems are presented as well as full body autopsies as well as. Mostly focuses on rare and interesting diseases.

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